Reverse Robin Hood: Six Billion Dollar Companies Preying on The Indegent

Reverse Robin Hood: Six Billion Dollar Companies Preying on The Indegent

‘Making money off the indegent stays a business that is booming’ laments Quigley. (picture: Jeremy Brooks/flickr/cc)

Numerous see families in poverty and look for to aid. Other people see families in poverty and find out opportunities for revenue.

Listed below are six samples of billion buck companies that are constructed on breaking up people that are poor specially folks of color, from their funds, the opposite Robin Hood.

Always Always Check Cashing Organizations

Always Check cashing businesses. Money a $100 check? At Walmart that’ll be $3. At TD bank non-customers pay $5 to cash a check from their bank.

Almost 10 million households containing 25 million individuals don’t have any banking account based on the FDIC. Many simply because they didn’t have sufficient money to keep at least stability inside their account.

Check cashing company are element of a $100 billion industry greater than 6,500 check cashing organizations in america, numerous which provide cash requests, household bill re re re payments and so on, based on testimony supplied to Congress because of the industry.

Pawn Stores

Significantly more than 30 million individuals utilize pawn store financing services for the loan that is average of150. One business, money America, has 84 check cashing facilities and 859 financing places in america, over 260 in Texas alone, expanding over $1 billion in pawn loans. Within their 2014 yearly report they disclose that 30 % of men and women never come back to redeem the product they pawned as well as the purchase of these things accocunts for over 50 % of the business profits. The business paid millions in charges in 2013 for overcharging people in the armed services and filing court that is inaccurate in huge number of instances. The CEO was presented with $6 million in 2014.

Overdraft Costs

Overdraft charges, if you have perhaps not sufficient profit the bank account or charge card to pay for all acquisitions, is an $11 billion industry for banking institutions, in line with the customer Financial Protection Bureau. A recently available ny instances article describes exactly exactly how banking institutions sometimes charge overdraft charges even though the client has sufficient profit their records to pay for the purchase and had been forced to pay significantly more than a billion bucks for manipulating your order of acquisitions to increase the possibilities that their clients will need to spend additional charges.

Pay Day Loans

Pay day loans are employed by individuals over 15 million times per year and may trigger debt that is deep and frequently include amazing percentages as much as 391 per cent in line with the customer Financial Protection Bureau.

Pew Charitable Trusts reported spend loans are a $7 billion dollar a year industry day. The Federal Trade Commission won a $300 million situation against two lenders that are payday had been deceiving borrowers, who, as an example, took away a $300 loan reasoning it could be paid back for $390 when in fact the financial institution had been billing $975 to repay the $300 loan. The usa Department of Justice indicted race that is former motorist Scott Tucker on unlawful costs for running a $2 billion nationwide pay day loan procedure which regularly charged interest on loans for more than 4.5 million individuals of 400 to 700 per cent per 12 months. The nation’s largest unsecured guarantor loan company, Advance America, charged almost 140,000 individuals in new york annual percentage prices exceeding 450 per cent until it had been stopped because of hawaii.

Vehicle Title Loans


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A lot more than 2 million individuals utilize automobile title loans each year, having to pay about $3 billion in charges every year, with typical percentage that is annual of 300 %, in line with the Pew Charitable Trusts. The middle for Responsible Lending estimates there are over 7000 organizations which loan money to individuals centered on keeping the name with their automobiles, often charging you as much as 300 per cent interest that is annual which they promote as 25 % each month. The typical debtor gets a loan of $951 and takes care of $3,093.

Commercial collection agency

Commercial collection agency is just a $13 billion buck per year industry using a lot more than 140,000 workers in 6,000 businesses, in line with the federal customer Financial Protection Bureau.

Loan companies make significantly more than 1 billion (yes having a b! ) associates with customers every year, in accordance with their industry that is own publication. Twelve million individuals (5.3 per cent of customers) have reached minimum 1 month behind on the payments, in line with the Urban Institute. Thirty-five % of all of the grownups with credit files, 77 million individuals, have actually financial obligation in collection reported in their files. Professional Publica reviewed 5 years of court judgments and discovered the price of judgements was two times as saturated in mostly neighborhoods that are black it absolutely was in white ones.

The customer Financial Protection Bureau has over 74,000 complaints about incorrect business collection agencies, its quantity one problem, relating to a present report of this Alliance for the simply Society.

They are maybe perhaps not simply tiny Going Here businesses but big names like Citigroup, Capital One, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America and Wells Fargo, in reality the Alliance just for Society reported the top businesses in financial obligation collections are making nearly $100 million in efforts to federal applicants and events since 2001 and another $280 million on federal lobbyists.

Citibank ended up being sued twice by the federal CFPB over falsified papers and supplying inaccurate information in financial obligation collections and decided to settle the actual situation.

Your debt collector because of the number that is largest of complaints, Encore Capital Group, focuses on buying up debts off their creditors after which filing thousands and thousands of legal actions ended up being obligated to cancel significantly more than 4,500 court judgments against borrowers in ny after it absolutely was faced with filing shoddy legal actions.

JPMorgan Chase paid over $130 million to stay a situation against it brought by lawyer generals from 47 states for improperly debts that are collecting what exactly is called robo-signing, where appropriate papers are authorized and filed without the right review. JPMorgan earlier in the day paid $389 million in fines and refunds to credit-card customers for issues with financial obligation collections.


There is certainly some news that is good. Democrats created and passed into legislation the buyer Financial Protection Bureau which can be now starting to gain some traction in monitoring and managing these practices that are predatory. Bad news is the fact that Republicans like Ted Cruz want to kill it plus some Democrats are attempting to hobble it. There are good teams like the guts for Responsible Lending which offer exceptional informative data on the abuses. However in the meantime earning profits off poor people stays a business that is booming.